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10 Favourite Toad Species

Toads are a frog species that belong to the Bufonidae family. They belong to the class Amphibians, which are cold-blooded vertebrates that can spend their lives both on land as well as water. They are an important constituent of ecological food chains. They are significant predators of insects and other animals and serve as a food source for fish, birds, mammals, reptiles, and other amphibians. They have dry, leathery skin, short legs, and large bumps covering the parotid glands.  Toads are found on all continents except Antarctica and isolated islands like New Zealand, New Guinea, and Madagascar. Toads are strictly carnivorous and feed on beetles, slugs, crickets, flies, and ants. Toads exist in diverse species that range from the very small to the very big ones, and the most colourful to the most poisonous ones. The smallest North American toad is the Oak toad which reaches a length of only 1.3 inches, while the Cane toads are the largest toads and grow up to 9 inches in length. Let us explore the wild world of toads with these 10 toad species listed below.

Toad Species

1. Common Toad

The Common Toad, as its name suggests is the most commonly occurring toad species that is found abundantly in Europe, in the western part of North Asia, and Northwest Africa. They can grow up to 15 cm in length and are mostly nocturnal animals that stay hidden during the day. Considered ugly for its warts and ancient associations with witches, the common toad is a gardener’s friend, as it can feed on slugs and snails that can destroy the garden. These toads can be dark brown, grey and olive green to sand-colour and love damp logs and leaf piles as homes. 

Also Read: 10 Cutest Reptiles And Amphibians

Common Toad

Image Source: Wikimedia

2. American Toad

The American Toad is a common species of toad found in the United States and Canada. It exists in three subspecies—the Eastern American toad, the Dwarf American toad, and the Rare Hudson Bay Toad. American toads have parotoid glands behind their eyes that can secrete Bufotoxin, which is a mild poison. It can irritate human eyes and mucous membranes and is dangerous to smaller animals.

Also Read: Top 10 Craziest Animals In The World

American Toad

3. Natter Jack Toad

The Natter Jack toad is native to the sandy areas of Europe. Adults can grow up to 60–70 mm in length. They are distinguished from common toads by a yellow line down the middle of the back and parallel paranoid glands. Natterjacks have a poisonous skin that prevents predators from attacking them. They can survive up to 15 years in the wild. Global warming and rising sea levels have taken up the freshwater habitats of these toads making them endangered now.

Image Source: Wikimedia

Natter Jack Toad

Image Source: Wikimedia

4. Fowler’s Toad

This species is a typical North American toad species that can be kept as pets. They can be brown, grey or olive green in colour and are mostly nocturnal creatures. They can dig burrows to hide in during the day to escape predators like snakes and raccoons. Fowler’s toad can excrete a toxin on its back when attacked by small predators that can sickness.

Fowler’s Toad

Image Source: Wikimedia

5. Colorado River Toad

The Colorado River toad is the largest native toad of the United States and Northern Mexico in the lower catchment areas of the great Colorado River. It is also known as the Sonoran Desert toad. Colorado River toads can feed upon spiders, insects, small toads and frogs, beetles, small lizards, and even small rodents like mice. The Colorado River toad is known to secrete dangerous toxins and psychoactive chemicals like Five Methoxy DMT.

Also Read: Top 10 Animals with the Best Musicality

Colorado River Toad

Image Source: Wikimedia

6. Great Plains Toad

The Great Plains toad is a relatively large species of true toad native to central North America. Adult Great Plains toads can grow up to 5 inches in length. Male Great Plains toads have a light-coloured flap covering the black vocal sac.  Their inflated vocal sac is shaped like a sausage.   The parotoid glands behind its eyes can secrete a poison when attacked. The Great Plains toad eats a wide variety of food like ants, flies, spiders, moths, and crickets.

Great Plains Toad

Image Source: Wikimedia

7. Wood House Toad

Wood house’s toad is a medium-sized true toad, that is about 3-5 cm in size. It is native to the United States and Mexico and found in plentiful in wooded areas, mountain canyons, riverbanks, marshes, farmland, gardens, and even residential areas. Woodhouses have warty skins and horizontal pupils in their eyes. Their glands and warts can produce a poison.

Wood House Toad

Image Source: Wikimedia

8. Oak Toad

With the name of the mighty oak tree, the Oak Toad is actually the smallest species of toad in North America. They can be as small as half an inch, with a length of 19 to 33 mm. This small toad can be brown, grey or black, often with reddish warts. They are found only in the Coastal Plain and the pine woods, savannas, and forests. The oak toad eats small insects and ants. It is mostly diurnal and spends much of its time burrowed into the soil. They have a distinct high-pitch call.

Oak Toad

Image Source: Wikimedia

9. Green Toad

This species of toads are native to the south-western US. They are small, about 2 inches in length, and have a yellowish-green skin with black spots. They are found in large numbers around Arizona and New Mexico in semi-desert grasslands, readily after short bursts of rainfall. They have a high-pitched nasal call.

Also Read: Top 10 Calmest Animals In The World

Image Source: Wikimedia

Green Toad

Image Source: Wikimedia

10. Cane Toad

The Cane Toad is the world’s largest toad, native to South and Central America, the Caribbean, as well as Northern Australia. This toad is a giant toad that can grow up to 20 cm in size. They are generally not poisonous or dangerous to handle. However, they can secrete poison from their parotid glands behind their ears, when they are stressed out. These toads can survive extreme temperatures and can eat anything dead or alive. They have multiplied in great numbers in Australia and have almost taken the status of toxic invaders.

Cane Toad

Image Source: Wikipedia

Toads may appear ugly, rugged and dangerous but they are a significant part of our ecological system and source of food for other animals and birds.

Written by Mahima Shah

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