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10 Types of Snakes In The World

Snakes are animal species that can be seen on every continent except Antarctica. There are around 3000 kinds of snakes in the world. The species is cold-blooded which means they used to change colour depending on the temperature of the environment and snakes in colder regions used to hibernate in winter because else would be difficult for them to survive. We will discuss some of the major types of snakes found across the planet.

Types of Snakes

1. King Cobra

King Cobra saw in the forests from India through Southeast Asia. The species is actually only partial noises and sense like ground vibrations else they are deaf to most of the ambient noises. It lives in Southeast Asia and seen mostly in the rainforests of India and southern China, Malaysia, and the Philippines. Talking about the appearance, coloring can vary from region to region where it is yellow and black in India and white and ivory in China. The snake species can reach upto 18 feet (5.5 meters) in length and hence they are the largest among all venomous snakes. KIng cobra weight between 15 to 20 pounds but can reach up to 44 pounds.

King Cobra

Image Source: Wikimedia

2.Black Mamba

Black Mamba is also one of the major types of snakes which is a member of family Elapidae native to parts of Sub-Saharan Africa. It is mostly seen in the savannas and rocky hills of southern and eastern Africa. It was first defined by Albert Gunther in 1864 and it is listed as second-longest venomous snakes in the world after king cobra. A black mamba can grow upto 4.3 to 4.5 m (14 ft 1 into 14 ft 9 in) and colour appearance can vary from grey to dark brown. Despite being one of the aggressive snake species it usually attacks human only if they are threatened or cornered. It is also listed as one of the deadliest snakes in the world.

Black Mamba

Image Source: Wikimedia

3. Python

One of the largest types of snakes is non-venomous and mostly seen in the tropical areas of Africa and Asia. There are a lot of people who keep this species as pets and just like black mamba, they dont attack humans unless provoked or stressed. Python species are known as constrictors where they kill its prey by squeezing till they stopped breathing. After the kill, snake species used to swallow it one piece and apart from fur and feathers of prey all the other things will be digested. The more the size of the prey, the more time it will take to digest, Python only eats 4 to 5 times a year. They used to attack monkeys, antelopes, caimans and the list goes on. The longest python species is known as Reticulated Python which can reach 30 feet in length.

Also Read: 10 Cutest Reptiles And Amphibians

Green tree python

4. Anaconda

Anacondas are the heaviest known snake species native to the tropical rainforests, lakes and swamps of South America. It is a non-venomous snake and used its strong and muscular body to kill its prey. Just like python, it is also a constrictors i.e when prey dies it used to swallow whole prey at once. It can reach upto 30 Ft long and weighs approximately 550 pounds. There are 4 types of Anacondas, howvever, a scientist could not find them easily because they can hide inside the river or water. Humans hunt Anacondas because of their skin which is highly appreciated in the fashion industry. It hunts on the ground but loves to stay inside the water where it can move easily. Anacondas are non-nocturnal animals that hunt at night.

Anaconda

Image Source: Wikimedia

5. Sea Snake

Sea Snakes are one of the types of snakes or group of snakes adapted to the marine life and belong to the family of cobras. It is mostly seen in the Indian and Pacific ocean. It is believed that there are 60 types of sea snakes that can differ in size, colour, type of diet and habitat. The size of the species depends on the species and it is usually 3.9 to 4.9 feet long. The largest sea snake can reach upto 9.8 feet in length. Talking about the appearance, colour and patterns on the body of sea snake depend on different sea snake species, however, some are uniformly colored.Sea snakes can dive up to 300 feet and loves to live in shallow water. They are able to spend up to one hour under the water without returning to the surface to breathe.

Also Read: Top 10 Facts about Snakes

Sea Snake

Image Source: Wikimedia

6. Rat Snake

Rat Snake is also a non-venomous snake that belongs to the colubrid family. They are mostly seen in the southeastern and central parts of the USA and Canada. It can reach upto 3 to 6 feet in length and also known as “oak snake” because of the specific markings that resemble the bark of the oak tree. Talking about the appearance, it has a grey body with white throat and chin and pale-coloured belly. They are excellent climbers and loves to climb on the trees and its prey includes small mammals, birds, lizards, frogs and eggs. The natural predators of the species are are hawks, egrets and foxes.

Also Read: Top 10 Animals that Hibernate

Rat Snake

7. Sidewinder

Sidewinder is also known as horn viper or horned rattlesnake and sidewinder rattlesnake is listed as a venomous pit viper species that belong to the genus Crotalus and mostly seen in the desert regions of the southwestern United States and northwestern Mexico. As of now, three subspecies of snakes has been found and all of them measure between 43 and 76 cm where females are larger than males. Talking about the appearance, the colour pattern can be cream, buff, yellowish-brown, pink, or ash grey where the belly is in white colour and the proximal lobe of the rattle is brown in adults.

Sidewinder

8. Rhinoceros viper

Rhinoceros viper is also known as river jack which is bright coloured venomous snakes belongs to the family Viperidae. It is mostly seen in the inhabits rainforests and swamps of West and Central Africa. The snake species prefer wet or damp environments and can be seen on plantations. Talking about the appearance, the body of the snake is rough and strongly keeled scales. The head is green or blue triangular along with a large black arrowhead mark on the top along with two or three pairs of hornlike scales on the tip of the snout. It can grow upto 70–90 cm (28–35 inches) in length and the body is made up of a velvetlike pattern of triangles, rectangles, and diamond-shaped areas that comes up with colors like red, yellow, blue, green, and black.

Rhinoceros viper

Image Source: Wikimedia

9. Grass Snake

Grass Snakes is one of the types of snakes that is non-venomous in nature and mostly seen in the water and feeds almost exclusively on amphibians. Talking about the appearance, snakes come with dark green or brown in colour with a yellow collar behind the head and hence also known as ringed snakes. The colour of the snake varies from grey to black with darker colors mostly seen in the colder regions. Teh underside of the snake comes with irregular blocks of black in the body.

Grass Snake

Image Source: Wikipedia

10. Tiger Snake

Tiger Snakes are one of the highly venomous snakes mostly seen in the southern regions of Australia that includes coastal islands, such as Tasmania. Regarding appearance, these snakes are highly variable in appearance and have skin pattern similar to that of tiger and hence the name. The population of the snake belongs to the genus Notechis and diverse characteristics can be seen in the further subdivisions of this group. It used to give birth to 20 to 30 live young and there exist with an exceptional record was made of 64 from an eastern female.

Tiger Snake

Image Source: Wikimedia

These are some of the major types of snakes that are seen across the globe. Kindly share and post your comments.

Written by Utsav Srinet

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